secularisation sociology essay
In the long run, the modernization of society does bring about modernization.

It impacts more on men than on women, on young than on the aged, in the cities than in the villages, on those classes (or castes) directly linked to modern industrial production than on such more traditional occupations as artisans and small shopkeepers. Content Guidelines 2. Many traditional focuses include social stratification, modernity, culture, and deviance. There is a growing trend towards secularism and secularisation today. “Secularism is a political tradition that has been evolving for eighteenth centuries.

Max Weber credits Calvinism and the emergence of the Protestant ethic as being a major development in the rationalization of the world—and secularization is part and parcel of that rationalization. This theory was subsumed into theories of modernization in order to argue that as the social differentiation of societies on the path to modernization, The idea of Humanism, or a man centered universe, led to the further misleading of society.

Ideas such as secularization of the individual led to the secularization of society as a whole. In such a world, the rational perspective of science becomes a major organizing belief for a secular and increasingly rationalized society.

Its origin in western world lies in the Christian religion.

The establishment of religion as a separate and distinct institution with a limited role in society- is a true measure of secularisation.

There are two focuses, sociological imagination and secularization, which have been debated and researched through out the years. “Secularisation is the process by which traditional religious beliefs and institutions lose their influence in society” – Ian Robertson in “Sociology” – Page 384. Secularization Essay: Useful Essay on Secularization! Early theories of secularization had originated in order to make note of the transfer of religious properties to the state. The process indicates the decline in the religious permeation of other social institutions. World’s Largest Collection of Essays! In the last few decades many new places of worships (church, temples and mosques) have been constructed and many new religious organizations with great paraphernalia have cropped up. Rationality, scientific attitude, and humanistic outlook – are some other characteristics of secularisation.

In a com­plex society many new specialised institutions arise. Privacy Policy3. M.N. As a result, religion becomes a separate and a distinct institution with a limited field of influence, and may find itself in competition with other institutions such as science or government. This process is in fact very difficult to measure. TOS4.

Furthermore, secularization has not affected modem society uniformly. It also refers to the process through which religion’s influence on other institu­tions diminishes.

It is a paradox that while on the one hand, with the advent of industrial-urban civilization, the idea of rationalization (secularization) is gaining ground in all spheres of life, on the other hand, what we observe is that funda­mentalism is also increasing day by day in some way or the other in all religions.


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