ms estonia bodies
It was sailing its regular route, from Tallinn in Estonia to the Swedish capital Stockholm. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page.

Their findings were streamed this week in the Discovery documentary “Estonia: The Find That Changes Everything”, in which experts said the rupture could only have been caused by a massive external force. One of the victims of the sinking was the Estonian singer Urmas Alender. — the alleged “collapse of the system” — was omnipresent. Only 137 people survived, and 94 bodies have been recovered. © copyright 2003-2020 credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Register for $9.99 per month and become a member today. This scheme had worked for the relatively small number of accidents involving sinkings, particularly as most ships have few people on board.[16].

The Estonia had not been built according to the standards of the International Maritime Organization, which insists that all passenger vessels be designed with easy access to open decks and lifeboats. At

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I went into a downward spiral of depression. [JAIC 2] The commission estimated that up to 310 passengers reached the outer decks, 160 of whom boarded the life-rafts or lifeboats.[17].

According to the Swedish Ministry of Defence, no such equipment was on board on the day of the disaster, and previous investigations by the Swedish Customs Service found no reports of any anomalous activity around the day of the disaster.

The material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving it for research and educational purposes.

The Hirschfeld inquiry in 2005 was to investigate if the Swedish military was involved in smuggling of weapons on the MS Estonia.

Report to the Chancellor of Justice in Sweden, 12 September 2006, "1994: Hundreds feared dead in ferry disaster", "Chronological narrative of the sinking by City Paper", Estonian/Finnish/Swedish Accident Investigation Commission (JAIC) Final Report, YouTube: Complete radio conversations (audio), YouTube: MS Estonia - discovering the hole, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1994,, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from September 2017, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lamento, for organ ("Lament over the Estonia Catastrophe") by, Johnson, Kent L. & Smith, Kenneth M.Jr. MS Estonia is not a unique case. Did you know… We have over 220 college

On September 28, 1994, a passenger ferry called the MS Estonia sank in the Baltic Sea, en route from Tallinn, Estonia to Stockholm, Sweden. [5][6], As the largest Estonian-owned ship of the time, the Estonia symbolized the independence that Estonia regained after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Passenger facilities were located on decks 6, 5, 4, 1, while the crew members occupied the decks 9 and 7.

[22] Estonia's distress beacons or EPIRBs required manual activation, which did not happen. News Corp is a network of leading companies in the worlds of diversified media, news, education, and information services. Now married with two kids, Barney, who runs his own business, spent many years travelling the world determined to “live your dreams” after coming so close to death. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Certain defense shipments can be left out of normal customs clearing if necessary, but she found the plane odd, even though her superior officers showed particular interest to make sure everything went smoothly.

In Sweden, technocratic populism is represented by the Citizens Coalition, which packaged its political language in terms of dispassionate rationality and a defense of secularism at all cost.

Figure 3.4 Approximate field of vision from the bridge. Authorities believe 996 people were aboard the Estonia when it sank on a voyage from Tallinn, Estonia, to Stockholm. [28] The Swedish and Estonian governments subsequently launched separate investigations, which both confirmed that non-explosive military equipment was aboard the ship on 14 and 20 September 1994.

[JAIC 6] While there was video monitoring of the inner ramp, the monitor on the bridge was not visible from the conning station. Barney admits that he will “not hold my breath” that the British government will explain what its interests were in signing the treaty but nor will he forget what happened. It was just impossible but I was determined not to let it get me for the rest of my life. If only the car deck was flooded, the ferry would probably, despite sloppy safety precautions, have been able to stay afloat. On 29 June 1980, Viking Sally was delivered to Rederi Ab Sally, Finland and was put into service on the route between Turku, Mariehamn and Stockholm[5][6] (during summer 1982 on the Naantali–Mariehamn–Kapellskär route). At the time of the incident, conservative Prime Minster Bildt had just lost the election on September 18th and was still in the interim period before Social Democrat Ingvar Carlsson would take over a few weeks later. [35][36] As a preliminary step, thousands of tons of pebbles were dropped on the site. The same afternoon Bildt called the Swedish minister responsible for maritime affairs, saying the same thing, ‘There are no other explanations’. Was the government hurrying to finish these transports before Carlson took over, and did Bildt have personal knowledge of the transports? But by his own admission, the landscape architect, still carries the emotional and psychological consequences of that fateful night. Had they been activated automatically, it would have been immediately obvious that the ship had sunk and the location would have been clear. Roughly half of the bodies were never recovered, and are presumed to lie interred with the wreckage.


Heavy winds rocked the ship as it plowed through 13-foot waves. The Soviet, now Russian, army was in the process of withdrawing from the Baltic, and a demoralized Russia was a bonanza for Western spies looking for military technology.

The original source of this article is Global Research.

“We found a huge hole in the hull on the starboard side. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. The MS Estonia was not a ship anyone expected to sink, but it did. The wreck site is classified as a graveyard, and it is illegal to dive there. This service is provided on News Group Newspapers' Limited's Standard Terms and Conditions in accordance with our Privacy & Cookie Policy. (June 2009) "Failure Analysis of the Estonia.". During the Cold War, Sweden had often been used as a conduit between East and West, officially neutral, although heavily leaning towards the US/UK. In January 1993, at the same time when EffJohn decided to merge Wasa Line's operations into Silja Line, Wasa King was sold to Nordström & Thulin for use on Estline's Tallinn–Stockholm traffic under the name Estonia. The spy also claimed there had been a direct warning from the Russians to MI6 to stop smuggling out their tech on the Estonia. Unfortunately, that's not what happened. He argued that the ferry was hit by something under the waterline, convinced that the disaster was a political conspiracy, suggesting that the public has been lied to, disinformed and manipulated deliberately by the Swedish Civil Contingency Agency in collusion with civil and military secret services.

Prime Minister Bildt said Sweden would do everything possible to recover the bodies (and implied, not raising the ship).

The whole investigation is fraught with strange goings on. After that, the voice of third mate Andres Tammes took over on Estonia and the conversation shifted to Finnish.

The episode is a case in point of how conspiracy theories increasingly turn into meaning-making narratives in the international system.

Entombed for all eternity, the wreck would be covered in gravel, then with concrete mats.

Estonia directed a call to Silja Europa and only after making contact with her did the radio operator utter the word "Mayday".

He had by mistake seen a classified report from Must, the Swedish military intelligence service. Later, an Estonian inquiry, found that the material smuggled on the 14th  and 20th of September was analyzed by Sweden’s Forsvarets Radioanstalt, their military signal intelligence unit, making it likely that the material was advanced Soviet materials, maybe connected to nuclear or satellite guidance.

Important information was lost forever.

The only way to do that is to conduct a full, forensic examination of the wreck.

It turned into an important element of subsequent claims of conspiracy, since some of the theories asserted it had been ripped from the hull by an explosion. Carlqvist never elaborated on his own evidence, suggesting that being unable to access hard evidence was itself a proof of a malignant cover-up.

The next (social democratic) government proposed burying the wreck in a sarcophagus, at a cost of several hundred million Swedish kronor. None of these theories have ever been substantiated, and in fact they've been systematically disproved by private, third-party researchers who have studied the remains of the ship.


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