kunder surname belongs to which caste
4 years ago. Though toddy tappers by profession, they rely mostly on cultivation.

[22], More recently, Ghosh has described a distinction between the Bhuta of southern India, as worshipped by the Billavas, and the similarly named demons of the north, In northern India the word bhuta generally refers to a ghost or a malign presence. The Basel missionaries were more concerned with the quality of those converted than with the quantity.

The conversion offered them forgiveness of sin and liberation from the social conditions that would hold them back if they remained in the Hindu fold. [29], The Billava community suffered ritual discrimination under the Brahmanic system—of which the caste system in Kerala was perhaps the most extreme example until the twentieth century. "[28] Neither Thurston nor Iyer make any reference to this claim. Some less common occupations for Americans named Kunder were Labor and Packer, View Census data for Kunder | Data not to scale. [11] The Billava community is one of a few in India that practice posthumous marriage. You can see how Kunder families moved over time by selecting different census years. Thirdly if caste bothers you so much then ask about it to your girl friend only, who else would be in a better state to answer!!!! The earliest epigraphy for the Tuluva Bunt community dates to around 400 years earlier. [1], Marriage of widows was permitted but the wedding ritual in such cases was simplified. A compact geographic area, Tulu Nadu lies on the coastal belt of Karnataka and Kerala and has natural boundaries in the form of the Arabian Sea, the hills of the Western Ghats and the rivers Suvarna and Chandragiri. [16], Heidrun Brückner describes the Billavas of the nineteenth century as "frequently small tenant farmers and agricultural labourers working for Bunt landowners. [34], However, the conversion of Billavas to Christianity did not always run smoothly. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. [32] Brückner describes the Billavas as being "the strongest group among the converts" and that, along with the Bunts, they were "the mainstays of the popular local religion, and the mission was probably induced by this target group to occupy itself with its practices and oral literature. Tuluva paddanas are sung narratives which are part of several closely related singing traditions, similar to Vadakkan Pattukal (Northern ballads) of northern Kerala and which may be considered ballads, epics or ritual songs (depending on the context or purpose for which they are sung). The SSDI is a searchable database of more than 70 million names. [23] For example, the pooja rituals include devil-dancing, performed by the lower class Paravar[c] or Naike,[19] and the Bunts – who were historically ranked as superior to the Billava[d]– rely upon the Poojary to officiate. "[26], ... motives for conversion were not always purely religious. The first of seven weaving factories operated by the Basel Mission was established in 1851, and the first of a similar number of tile factories in 1865.

"[33] A further barrier to conversion proved to be the Billava's toddy tapping occupation: the Basel Mission held no truck with alcohol, and those who did convert found themselves economically disadvantaged, often lacking both a job and a home. [1]

*We display top occupations by gender to maintain their historical accuracy during times when men and women often performed different jobs.

Using the same principles, Billavas established a temple. The attempt met with little success: the Billavas were suspicious of the Brahmo representatives, who wore western clothing and spoke in English[30] whereas the Basel Missionaries had studied the local languages and produced a copy of the New Testament in both Tulu and Kannada.


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