crabgrass frontier chapter 11 summary
Terms in this set (38) US cities vs european/world cities. To see what your friends thought of this book. Easily another classic if you are looking to know more about twentieth century US cultural history. technology obviously plays a central role and the different patterns of settlement made possible by horses, cable cars, streetcars, railroads, and cars (not to mention yr own 2 feet) are still evident. Jackson's approach is very well balanced--refraining from the temptation of holding any single issue responsible for the suburbanization truly unique to the United States in terms of scale, the first half of the book covers the early days of the nineteenth century. The big, mean city, with its confidence men and squalor, did not promise the same haven as the suburbs. [Thereafter] virtually every other Eastern and Middle Western city was rebuffed by wealthy and independent suburbs. Intended to spur housing construction after the Great Depression, President Roosevelt's Federal Housing Administration established minimum standards for home construction[23] and low down-payment amounts, and home loans amortized for the full-term of 20 to 30 years. Just a gut-wrenching episode that I wouldn't wish on any one. Used this as a college text book in 1988. This book provides a lot of information about the causes of the unique suburban development in the United States. This uniqueness thus involves population density, home-ownership, residential status, and journey-to-work." Jackson does a great job and leads you to see how the American national identity clearly attaches itself to suburbia. (book to be purchased by students). Answers questions such as How do we have these huge suburbs? With the increasing population of the older, more established suburban areas, many of the problems which were once seen as purely urban ones have manifested themselves there as well. US Cities were smaller and newer than European ones. [13][14] This effort was so successful that "as Sinclair Lewis' popular 1922 novel Babbitt indicated, the private car had become no longer a luxury, but a necessity of the American middle class. It is a bit dated, but still as far as I can tell the most informative book concerning the history of suburbia available. The amazing 1987 book "Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States" by urban historian Kenneth T. Jackson disabused me of that notion. It is a quite logical starting point for any 20th century urban historian or history student interested in the urban-suburban discussion. I am not surprised. Highly academic, rehashes a lot of material (although chronologically it precedes) from 'geography of nowhere' and maybe 'the death and life of american cities'. His working definition of suburbs has four components: function (non-farm residential), class (middle and upper status), separation (a daily journey-to-work), and density (low relative to older sections). He states that "the United States has thus far been unique in four important respects that can be summed up in the following sentence: affluent and middle-class Americans live in suburban areas that are far from their work places, in homes that they own, and in the center of yards that by urban standards elsewhere are enormous. In conclusion, Jackson offers a controversial prediction: that the future of residential deconcentration will be very different from its past in both the U.S. and Europe. Great read, essential American knowledge. Drawing from writers and essayists from that time period who promoted the domestic life of the spacious country home as beneficial for the raising of children (among other things) over against the congestion of the city, these chapter.

He claims workers miss their work families as a reason for this failure. One of the problems one encounters when one wishes to read about suburbs and their developments is that those who are engaged in the process of building homes for others are too busy engaged in the work, so that thos. while asking questions like How long can suburbia last? While 3+ decades old, this book should be in the canon of any planning student or professional as the author presents a detailed list of events that have shaped American history and tying those events to suburbanization. A downfall of this book, like other well-known urban planning subject is that it is outdated. He couldn't have been more wrong. There is a deep problem with an author who can have nice things to say about the atrocious mass public housing efforts during the Great Depression and afterward but has little or nothing nice to say about the suburbs of the United Kingdom, United States, and other settler colonies. (makes me think about toronto's 98 amalgamation a bit differently.) [8] “In 1890, the number of passengers carried on American street railways (including cable and elevated systems) was more than two billion per year, or more than twice that of the rest of the world combined.”[9] Tracks "radiated out from the center like spokes [forcing] anyone using public transit to rely on the central business district.

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this Crabgrass Frontier study guide and get instant access to the following:. Jackson argues that the U.S. availability of cheap, abundant land and the low population density fueled a cultural discourse about the beauty of nature and the need to own one's home. [6] However, "railroad commuting was not only expensive but...the steam engine generated speed slowly [so] that railroad suburbs were usually discontinuous and separated by ...open space.

It covers a broad swathe of american urban/rural/suburban history, from the colonial era to (then) contemporary 1984 america. We’d love your help. This gap in worldview between writer and reader makes this book, and others like it, of interest mainly to fellow bitter Marxist travelers whose advice is not worth taking anyway. The author's big argument is that it wasn't an inevitability, a natural inclination to sprawl proceeding apace over a massive landscape - instead, it was the product of specific technologies and especially governmental policies. Wiewel, Wim; Brown, Bridget; and Morris, Marya (May 1989) "The Linkage Between Regional and Neighborhood Development". Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Although certainly dated, Crabrass Frontier takes a global look at the phenomenon of suburbanization in the United States, taking into consideration a variety of factors, including technological advancement and acceptance as well as construction innovations and government involvement. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Classic history of suburbanization. The later chapters seem to hold the core of his argument and inform a bunch of other work with regards to redlining and the tax structures that encourage sprawl, but I can't help but love that he devotes an entire chapter to the history of streetcars.

Jackson shows that the history of suburbia predates the post-WWII era. The cities became seen as dangerous, crime-infested areas, while the suburbs were seen as safe places to live and raise a family, leading to a social trend known in some parts of the world as white flight. STUDY. I believe that Frontier will be facing a Chapter 11 bankruptcy shortly.. He treats communities in every section of the U.S. and compares American residential patterns with those of Japan and Europe. "The US is not only the world's first suburban nation, but it will also be its last." Moreover, it taught me about the pervasive power a conservatism based on selective memory and benign ignorance has to maintain structural inequalities. In understanding how on earth American cities developed as they did, there is probably no better place to start than this book. But it presents the data in what I felt was an entertaining mix of stories and narrative development. "[20], By the turn of the 19th century, a middle class expectation of having residential space had emerged, which Jackson attributes to work of Andrew Jackson Downing, Calvert Vaux, and Catharine Beecher. Although only one-third of all Americans lived in cities in 1890, two-thirds of all immigrants did. This area, in the greater Wausau,WI is legacy copper, going back to GTE many moons ago.

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